A Giant Mammoth Graveyard was just discovered outside Mexico city. The Mammoth was an animal that was found in Pleistocene epoc. The word ” Mammoth ” is now used as an adjective word to represent any big or huge thing, but Mammoth was actually an animal that was found at Pleistocene era. Now, recently the graveyard of Mammoth has been discovered outside Mexico city.
According to the National Institute of Anthropology and History ( INAH ) in Mexico, Researchers have found a ” graveyard ” of about 60 mammoths ahead of the construction of an airport just outside Mexico City. Basically, Mexico’s government was constructing an airport over the military base which was there previously. And during the construction, they founded a graveyard of mammoth.
It is an animal which is quite similar to the elephant, but it has got extincted now. Its body size including its tusks used to very big and huge as compared to elephant. It was also classified into different types like Colombian mammoths, woolly mammoths.
Until now, this area was used by the Santa Lucia Military Air Base, about 75 kilometres north of Mexico City. But after the month of October, construction of the new General Felipe Angeles International Airport began. During the construction time, researchers uncovered the ancient remains. Scientists found the pachyderm bones-including from male, female and young mammoths at three sites within the airport’s vicinity.
Pachyderms- These are those animals which have thick skin, eg- elephants, hippopotamus and rhinos etc.
Which Mammoths have been founded in that area ?
The ancient beasts found were Columbian mammoths, a species that lived throughout North America during the Pleistocene Era. Pleistocene epoch began 2.8 million years ago and lasted untill about 11,956 years ago. The researchers did not find any remains of the furrier wooly mammoth, which lived farther north.
The Columbian Mammoth was so tall a person would need to stand on the second floor of a building to touch its head. The Columbian Mammoth weighed the same as five cars stacked on top of each other. it also boasted large tusks that could easy extend the width of two bicycles laid end to end. Unlike its similar mammoth wooly, the Columbian Mammoth did not have much fur.
This is actually the skeleton of Columbian mammoth, which is present in the Loss Angeles museum. It is estimated that, in order to see this skeleton, one must have to go the 3rd floor of the museum, then it seems to be perfectly visible to everyone.
Similarities between Columbian Mammoth and Elephant
- Mammoth may have lived in herds like elephants, as some fossil sites suggest.
- Both mammoths and elephants also share similar ridged teeth, good for chewing plants.
- These ridged teeth were used to grind grasses, brush, trees, and woody plants.
- Like modern elephants, mammoths would had to eat alot of this food everyday to heal and provide power to their large bodies.
Significance of the Mammoth’s remains in that area
A team of 50 Archaeologists and some preservationists plan to study the mammoths’s remains, which may reveal clues about pleistocene life, including what the beasts ate, any health conditions that affected their bones, and exactly when they lived. Every body wants to know that why and how these mammoths got extincted. And also eager to know, how mammoths and human beings used to sustain their life together at that point of time, what were the health conditions during that time which the bones get affected.
Including these findings, researchers at the airport-construction site uncovered remains from an entirely different time period-pre hispanic times, when 15 humans were buried there.
Pre Hispanic times- The time periods just nearer to the 16th century are called pre hispanic times.
The researchers have founded some human burials over there. The 15 human burials are likely the remains of farmers, given they were buried with grave goods indicative of that lifestyles, including pots, bowls and clay figurines. The ceramic goods found with the individuals suggest they likely lived during the Epiclassic period.
Discovery of Mammoth by National Coordinator of Archaeology at INAH
Pedro Francisco Sanchez Nava, the national coordinator of archaeology at the INAH said, when the mammoth were alive during the last ice age, this area was on the shore of Lake Xaltocan. Its possible that these heavy animals got stuck in the mud there at that point of time, and that human hunters took advantage of that targeting the beasts there.
Xaltocan was a pre-columbian city-state and island in the valley of Mexico, located in the centre of Lake Xaltocan, part of an interconnected shallow lake system which included lake Texcoco, this place is inside the San Miguel Jaltocan, in Nextlapan.
Hunting of the Mammoth
About 6 miles away from the excavations for the new airport is another pleistocene treasure, two large pits filled with mammoth bones dating to about 15,000 years ago, which archaeologists discovered in November 2019. However, its unclear whether the mammoths ended up in these pits by chance, or whether indigenous peoples intentionally drove them there during hunts.
In the recent research from Poland, there is evidence of humans intentionally hunting mammoths during the last ice age. Researchers in Poland announced they found a javelin embedded in a 25,000 year old mammoth rib.
Demise of the Mammoth
The mammoth managed to thrive in a variety of habitats across the continent, but at the end of the ice age, the climate began to warm and dry out, causing a loss of habitat for these giant beasts due to climate change. At this same time, humans invaded North America, hunting them and other large animals for food. The combination of these events most likely caused a large decline in population.
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