Strategically, the South China Sea is a massive flash feature for India and the United States of America. It has been cleared that the USA has already deployed its Navy over the South China Sea for a long time. Also, some other neighbouring countries like Vietnam, Philippines, Taiwan, Malaysia, Singapore, China, Brunei etc, claims South China Sea’s area as their own territorial parts because according to United Nations, A country can claims about 200 miles of oceanic area nearer to its territorial part, and can also use natural resources nearby it.
Now in terms of Indian strategy, Why the South China Sea is important for India to encircle China in collaborating with the United States of America.
Why the South China Sea is Important For India?
- Sea-lane through South China Sea has great importance for India, especially for communication since the very beginning and passage has been resisting over the centuries.
- India has historical rights established by practice and tradition to cross the South China sea without resistance.
- Approximately, $250 billion of trade of India passes through the disputed South China Sea via the Strait of Malacca to the Indian Ocean.
- The Security and Safety of Indian migrants and their investment in the South China Sea and East Asia is the responsibility of the Indian state.
- Also, ASEAN countries are hiring India for both the economic as well as defence set up because initially, ASEAN countries used to trade with the USA for defensive warfare, while China trade with ASEAN countries for economic setup. But now China and the USA are in big conflict with each other. So, that is why ASEAN countries have no option for both the economic and defensive set up and asking India to help.
Why ASEAN Countries wants India’s Help;
ASEAN Member Countries;
- The Philippines.
These countries also claim their parts in the South China Sea. When China was not involved in this matter, then the United States of America started helping these ASEAN countries by providing them with defensive weapons. Before China, the United States became the biggest investor in ASEAN countries. But when China involved, it started to trade with ASEAN countries to develop their economies. So, during that time, ASEAN countries had founded two pillars for both economic and defensive setup. But right now, the situation gets changed because of US-China bad relations.
Now ASEAN countries have no option for both the economic as well as defensive setup. So that is why ASEAN countries want India’s help to become an emerging economy throughout the world.
What is the South China Sea?
The South China Sea is the marginal sea, that is part of the Pacific Ocean. It connects the oceans through various straits. It is surrounded by countries like Vietnam, Singapore, Brunei, Philippines, Malaysia and Taiwan etc.
As from the above geographical picture, it is cleared that the South China Sea is surrounded by some countries, which claims some Islands as their own territorial parts ( According to United Nation’s territorial procedure of oceanic region nearer to respective countries ). The area of an ocean of at most 200 miles can be claim by the respective country and also the natural resources present in that areas can be used. But China claims that the whole South China Sea is a part of China.
|Note; The Strait of Malacca connects the South China Sea with the Indian Ocean and the Strait of Formosa connects the South China Sea with the East China Sea.|
Facts of the South China Sea;
- It is one of the busiest trade routes in the world.
- Approximately 40% of the world’s trade, proceeds from this route.
- South China Sea has 11 B Barrel crude oil reserves and also has 180 cubic feet natural gas.
- A various group of Islands are claimed by each country, that is why this Sea is considered as the disputed region.
The historical fact of China for the South China Sea;
According to the Chinese government, at least 3000 years ago, China not only claimed the Islands of South China Sea as its own part but also claimed at least 80% of the South China Sea’s area. This is why China has made ” 9 Dash Line ” in the South China Sea. And the Chinese govt. claims that the area which comes under 9 Dash Line is a part of China. Chinese govt. not only formed artificial Islands under ” 9 Dash Line ” but also has deployed air-defence missile system over there.
The alleged historical claims over the South China Sea are not centuries old. They only go back to 1947. China uses fabricated evidence of history as a tool for grabbing this region.
9 Dash Line;
The 9 Dash Line refers to the undefined, vaguely located, demarcation line used by China for their claims of the major part of the South China Sea. The contested area in the South China Sea includes the Spratly Islands, Paracel Islands, Macclesfield Islands and Scarborough Shoal. The claim encompasses the area of Chinese land reclamation known as the ” Great Wall of Sand “.
What is the main Motive of China to build Artificial Islands over the South China Sea;
Actually, China claims that 80% area of South China Sea comes under China, and according to United Nations, 200 miles of the area nearby the respective country can be claimed by the respective country and also enables to use the natural resources like oil and petroleum. By taking the benefits of this Act of United Nations, China has been building islands in the South China Sea under 9 Dash Line, so that China would acquire the maximum part of South China Sea by claiming 200 miles area from each Island.
Recent Tweets for the South China Sea;
Comprised of both Nimitz and Ronald Reagan Strike Groups, the Nimitz Carrier Strike Force celebrated #IndependenceDay with unmatched sea power while deployed to the South China Sea conducting dual carrier operations and exercises in support of a free and open Indo-Pacific. pic.twitter.com/vseDy5HLVY
— U.S. Navy (@USNavy) July 4, 2020
China has a wide selection of anti-aircraft carrier weapons like DF-21D and DF-26 "aircraft carrier killer" #missiles. South China Sea is fully within grasp of the #PLA; any US #aircraftcarrier movement in the region is at the pleasure of PLA: analysts. https://t.co/X5L0foka6Q pic.twitter.com/rEPjp9gqAZ
— Global Times (@globaltimesnews) July 4, 2020
There are a lot of reasons that we have explained, why the South China Sea is important for India. And in the recent news, it has been observed that India also has set up its Navy in the South China Sea in collaboration with the United States of America to encircle China. And we think that India should take part in the dealings with ASEAN countries so that they would get attached with India against China.
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